# Powers (exponents)

Concept of powers (exponents):

A power contains two parts exponent and base.

We know 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 24, where 2 is called the base and 4 is called the power or exponent or index of 2.

Examples on evaluating powers (exponents):

1. Evaluate each expression:

(i) 54.

Solution:

54
= 5 ∙ 5 ∙ 5 ∙ 5           Use 5 as a factor 4 times.
= 625                     Multiply.

(ii) (-3)3.

Solution:

(-3)3
= (-3) ∙ (-3) ∙ (-3)           Use -3 as a factor 3 times.
= -27                            Multiply.

(iii) -72.

Solution:

-72
= -(72)             The power is only for 7 not for negative 7
= -(7 ∙ 7)          Use 7 as a factor 2 times.
= -(49)             Multiply.
= -49

(iv) (2/5)3

Solution:

(2/5)3
= (2/5) ∙ (2/5) ∙ (2/5)           Use 2/5 as a factor 3 times.
= 8/125                              Multiply the fractions

Writing Powers (exponents)

2. Write each number as the power of a given base:

(a) 16; base 2

Solution:

16; base 2
Express 16 as an exponential form where base is 2
The product of four 2’s is 16.
Therefore, 16
= 2 ∙ 2 ∙ 2 ∙ 2
= 24
Therefore, required form = 24

(b) 81; base -3

Solution:

81; base -3
Express 81 as an exponential form where base is -3
The product of four (-3)’s is 81.
Therefore, 81
= (-3) ∙ (-3) ∙ (-3) ∙ (-3)
= (-3)4
Therefore, required form = (-3)4

(c) -343; base -7

Solution:

-343; base -7
Express -343 as an exponential form where base is -7
The product of three (-7)’s is -343.
Therefore, -343
= (-7) ∙ (-7) ∙ (-7)
= (-7)3
Therefore, required form = (-7)3

Algebra 1

Didn't find what you were looking for? Or want to know more information about Math Only Math. Use this Google Search to find what you need.

## Recent Articles

1. ### Arranging Numbers | Ascending Order | Descending Order |Compare Digits

Sep 15, 24 04:57 PM

We know, while arranging numbers from the smallest number to the largest number, then the numbers are arranged in ascending order. Vice-versa while arranging numbers from the largest number to the sma…

2. ### Counting Before, After and Between Numbers up to 10 | Number Counting

Sep 15, 24 04:08 PM

Counting before, after and between numbers up to 10 improves the child’s counting skills.

3. ### Comparison of Three-digit Numbers | Arrange 3-digit Numbers |Questions

Sep 15, 24 03:16 PM

What are the rules for the comparison of three-digit numbers? (i) The numbers having less than three digits are always smaller than the numbers having three digits as:

4. ### 2nd Grade Place Value | Definition | Explanation | Examples |Worksheet

Sep 14, 24 04:31 PM

The value of a digit in a given number depends on its place or position in the number. This value is called its place value.