Now we will learn how to find the H.C.F. of polynomials by long division method.
Step of the method:
(i) At first, the given expressions are to be arranged in the descending order of powers of any of its variables.
(ii) Then if any common factor is present in the terms of each expression, it should be taken out. At the time of determination of final H.C.F., the H.C.F. of these taken out factors are to be multiplied with the H.C.F. obtained by the method of division.
(iii) Like the determination of H.C.F. by the method of division in arithmetic, here also as the division is not complete, in every step the divisor of that step is to be divided by the remainder obtained. At any stage, if any common factor is present in the remainder that should be taken out, then the division in the next step becomes easier.
(iv) In every step, the term in the quotient should be found by comparing the first term of the dividend with the first term of the divisor. Sometimes, if necessary, the dividend may be multiplied by a multiplier of a factor.
4a4 – 20a3 + 40a2 – 32a|
= 4a(a3 – 5a2 + 10a – 8)
2a4 – 8a3 + 14a2– 12a|
= 2a(a3 – 4a2 + 7a – 6)
At the time of writing the final result the H.C.F. of 4a and 2a i.e. 2a is to be multiplied with the divisor of the last step.
It can be seen that the three expressions are arranged in the descending order of the powers of the variable ‘a’ and their terms have no common factors between them. So, by the long division method