Worksheet on Elimination of Unknown Angle(s) Using Trigonometric Identities

In Worksheet on elimination of unknown angle(s) using Trigonometric identities we will prove various types of practice questions on Trigonometric identities.

Here you will get 11 different types of elimination of unknown angle using Trigonometric identities questions with some selected questions hints.

1. Eliminate θ (theta) in each of the following:

(i) x = a sec θ, y = b tan θ

(ii) a sin θ = p, b tan θ = q

(iii) sin θ + cos θ = m, tan θ + cot θ = n

(iv) sin θ – cos θ = m, sec θ - csc θ = b

2. If sin θ + cos θ = m and sec θ + csc θ = n, then prove that

n(m2 – 1) = 2m.

Hint: n = sec θ + csc θ

    ⟹ n = \(\frac{1}{cos θ}\) + \(\frac{1}{sin θ}\) 

    ⟹ n = \(\frac{sin θ + cos θ}{sin θ cos θ}\) 

    ⟹ n = \(\frac{m}{sin θ cos θ}\) 

    ⟹ sin θ cos θ = \(\frac{m}{n}\) ......... (i) 

Now, m2 – 1 = (sin θ + cos θ)2 - 1 

                   = (sin2 θ + sin2 θ + 2 sin θ cos θ) - 1 

                   = 1 + 2 sin θ cos θ - 1 

                   = 2 sin θ cos θ

                   = 2\(\frac{m}{n}\), From (i)


3. If l1 cos θ + m1 sin θ + n1 = 0 and l2 cos θ + m2 sin θ + n2 = 0 then prove that

(m1n2 – n1m2)2 + (n1l2 – n2l1)2 = (l1m2 – l2m1)2


4. If a sin2 ϕ + b cos2 ϕ = c and p sin2 ϕ + q cos2 ϕ = r then prove that

(b – c)(r – p) = (c – a)(q – r).

Hint: \(\frac{b - c}{c - a}\) = \(\frac{b - (a sin^{2} ϕ + b cos^{2} ϕ)}{(a sin^{2} ϕ + b cos^{2} ϕ) - a}\)

              = \(\frac{(b - a) sin^{2} ϕ}{(b - a) cos^{2} ϕ}\)

                 = tan2 ϕ.

Similarly, \(\frac{q - r}{r - p}\) = \(\frac{q - (p sin^{2} ϕ + q cos^{2} ϕ)}{(p sin^{2} ϕ + q cos^{2} ϕ) - p}\)

                      = \(\frac{(q - p) sin^{2} ϕ}{(q - p) cos^{2} ϕ}\)

                      = tan2 ϕ.

Therefore, \(\frac{b - c}{c - a}\) = \(\frac{q - r}{r - p}\).



5. If a sec θ + b tan θ + c = 0 and a’ sec θ + b’ tan θ + c’ = 0 then prove that

(bc’ – b’c)2 – (ca’ – ac’)2 = (ab’ – a’b)2.


6. If \(\frac{x}{a cos θ}\) = \(\frac{y}{b sin θ}\) and \(\frac{ax}{cos θ}\) - \(\frac{by}{sin θ}\) = a2 – b2, prove that

\(\frac{x^{2}}{a^{2}}\) + \(\frac{y^{2}}{b^{2}}\) = 1.

Hint: \(\frac{x}{cos θ}\) ∙ b - \(\frac{y}{sin θ}\) ∙ a + 0 = 0 and \(\frac{x}{cos θ}\) ∙ a - \(\frac{y}{sin θ}\) ∙ b - (a2 - b2) = 0.

By cross multiplication, \(\frac{\frac{x}{cos θ}}{a(a^{2} - b^{2})}\) = \(\frac{\frac{y}{sin θ}}{b(a^{2} - b^{2})}\) = \(\frac{1}{(a^{2} - b^{2})}\)

⟹ \(\frac{x}{a}\) = cos θ,  \(\frac{y}{b}\) = sin θ. Square these and add.


7. If tan A + sin A = m and tan A - sin A = n then prove that

m2 – n2 = 4 \(\sqrt{mn}\).


8. If x sin3 A + y cos3 A = sin A ∙ cos A and x sin A – y cos A = 0 then prove that

x2 + y2 = 1.

Hint: x sin A - y cos A = 0 

⟹ tan A = \(\frac{y}{x}\)

Again, x ∙ \(\frac{sin^{2} A}{cos A}\) + y ∙ \(\frac{cos^{2} A}{sin A}\) = 1

⟹ x ∙ \(\frac{y}{x}\) sin A + y ∙ \(\frac{x}{y}\) cos A = 1

⟹ x cos A + y sin A = 1

Now, (x sin A - y cos A)2 + (x cos A + y sin A)2 = 02 + 12


9. If csc β – sin β = m3; sec β – cos β = n3 then prove that,

m2n2(m2 + n2) = 1.

Worksheet on Elimination of Unknown Angle(s) Using Trigonometric Identities

10. If a = r cos θ cos β, b = r cos θ sin β and c = r sin θ then prove that,

a2 + b2 + c2 = r2.


11. If p = a sec A cos B, q = b sec A sin B and r = c tan A then prove that, 

\(\frac{p^{2}}{a^{2}}\) + \(\frac{q^{2}}{b^{2}}\) - \(\frac{r^{2}}{c^{2}}\) = 1.



Answers


1. (i) \(\frac{x^{2}}{a^{2}}\) - \(\frac{y^{2}}{b^{2}}\) = 1.

(ii) \(\frac{a^{2}}{p^{2}}\) - \(\frac{b^{2}}{q^{2}}\) = 1.

(iii) n(m2 – 1) = 2

(iv) b(1 – a2) = 2a






10th Grade Math

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