The properties of multiplication of literals are listed below.

**Commutativity:** For any two literals *m* and *n*, we have, *mn = nm*

i.e., the multiplication of literals is commutative.

**Associativity:** For any three literals *m*,*n* and *o*, we have ,

*(mn)o = m(no)*

i.e., the multiplication of literals is associative.

**Identity:** For any literal *m*, we have,

*m × 1 = m =1 × m*

Here *‘1’* is known as the multiplication identity.

**Distributivity of Multiplication over addition:** For any three literals *m*,*n* and *o*, we have

(i) *m( n + o ) = mn + mo* [‘Left distributivity’]

(ii) *( n + o )m = nm + om*. [‘Right distributivity’]

Properties of Multiplication of Literals

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