Pictograph: Any information represented through pictures is called pictograph.
Collection and Recording of Data: There are different ways of collecting and recording of information (data). We shall take up two examples of collection of data.
Richel went to a toy shop. She counted different kinds of toys sold in a day and noted them as follows:
Motor Bike 
Dolls 
Duck 
Cars 
6 
4 
3 
4 
The information representation represented in the form of a table given above is called Recording or tabulating of data.
The recorded data can be represented through pictures as
under:
Toys sold in a day
Let us take another example.
A child visited a garden. The garden has only fruit plants (trees). He found that there are 6 manngo trees, 5 banana trees, 4 rose trees, 6 coconut trees 8 grapes trees. The child collected this information with him and come back home. The child recorded this information in the form of a table as shown below:
Mango trees 
Banana trees 
Rose trees 
Coconut trees 
Grapes trees 
6 
5 
4 
6 
8 
The recorded data can be represented through pictures as shown below:
This form of representation of information facilities answering of different types of equations related to the data for example:
(i) Name the tree which is greatest in number in the garden.
In the garden, grapes trees are greatest in number, i.e., 8
(ii) Which tree is least in number in the garden?
Rose trees are least in number, i.e., 4
(iii) How many trees are there in the garden?
There are 6 + 5 + 4 + 6 + 8 = 29 trees in the garden.
`5th Grade Math Problems
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