Pictograph: Any information represented through pictures is called pictograph.

Collection and Recording of Data: There are different ways of collecting and recording of information (data). We shall take up two examples of collection of data.

Richel went to a toy shop. She counted different kinds of toys sold in a day and noted them as follows:

 Motor Bike Dolls Duck Cars 6 4 3 4

The information representation represented in the form of a table given above is called Recording or tabulating of data.

The recorded data can be represented through pictures as under:

Toys sold in a day

Let us take another example.

A child visited a garden. The garden has only fruit plants (trees). He found that there are 6 manngo trees, 5 banana trees, 4 rose trees, 6 coconut trees 8 grapes trees. The child collected this information with him and come back home. The child recorded this information in the form of a table as shown below:

 Mango trees Banana trees Rose trees Coconut trees Grapes trees 6 5 4 6 8

The recorded data can be represented through pictures as shown below:

This form of representation of information facilities answering of different types of equations related to the data for example:

(i) Name the tree which is greatest in number in the garden.

In the garden, grapes trees are greatest in number, i.e., 8

(ii) Which tree is least in number in the garden?

Rose trees are least in number, i.e., 4

(iii) How many trees are there in the garden?

There are 6 + 5 + 4 + 6 + 8 = 29 trees in the garden.

1. The number of pair of shoes sold by a shop in a week is given below. Represent the given information as pictograph using an appropriate scale.

Days

Mon

Tues

Wed

Thurs

Fri

Sat

Pairs of shoes sold

70

25

30

45

50

65

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