We have learnt multiplication of numbers with 2digit multiplier. Now, we will learn more. Let us know some facts about multiplication.

**1.** In multiplication, the number being multiplied is called the multiplicand and the number by which it is being multiplied is called the multiplier.

Example:

The answer of the multiplication is called the product.

**2.** The product of any number multiplied by a ‘zero’ is zero.

Example: Think — If each child gets ‘zero’ sweets, how many sweets will 4 children get?

4 times 0 sweets or 4 × 0 = 0

**3.** The product of any number multiplied by ‘one’ is equal to
the number itself.

Example: Think — If every child gets ‘1’ sweet, how many sweets are needed for 8 children?

1 child → 1 sweet

8 children → 8 times 1 sweet

8 × 1 sweet = 8 sweets

Product is equal to the number itself.

**4.** In a multiplication operation, the product can be equal
to the numbers being multiplied or greater than, but never the smaller, except
when one of the number is zero.

Example:

**5.** For every multiplication fact there are two division
facts.

Example:

Thus, the product divided by the multiplicand equals the multiplier and the product divided by the multiplier equals the multiplicand.

**6.** In multiplication operation, the change in the order of
the numbers being multiplied does not change the product.

Example: 9 × 8 = 8 × 9 = 72

12 × 5 = 5 × 12 = 60

**Note:**

The division fact is used for finding the missing multiplicand or multiplier.

**From Facts about Multiplication to HOME PAGE**

**Didn't find what you were looking for? Or want to know more information
about Math Only Math.
Use this Google Search to find what you need.**

## New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below. Ask a Question or Answer a Question.