We know the process of multiplying 1digit number by another 1digit number. The multiplication of onedigit numbers is done with the help of the multiplication table of the number concerned.
Suppose, if we have to multiply 7 by 5, we put the numbers in column form.
7
× 5
35
We need to read mentally the multiplication tables of 7 to get 7 fives are 35.
This 35 is written as product. We say 7 multiplied by 5 is equal to 35.
Here, 7 is the multiplicand, 5 is multiplier and 35 is the multiple fact of product.
7 and 5 are also called factors of the product 35.
Examples of multiplying onedigit numbers:
1. Multiply 6 by 3.
Solution:
First we need to arrange the numbers in column form.
6
× 3
18
We need to read mentally the multiplication tables of 6 to get 6 times three are 18.
This 18 is written as product. We read it as 6 multiplied by 3 is equal to 18.
Here, 6 is the multiplicand, 3 is multiplier and 18 is the multiple fact of product.
6 and 3 are also called factors of the product 18.
2. Multiply 9 by 6
Solution:
First we need to arrange the numbers in column form.
9
× 6
54
We need to read mentally the multiplication tables of 9 to get 9 times six are 54.
This 54 is written as product. We read it as 9 multiplied by 6 is equal to 54.
Here, 9 is the multiplicand, 6 is multiplier and 54 is the multiple fact of product.
9 and 6 are also called factors of the product 54.
Thus, to multiply onedigit number by another onedigit number its very important to know the multiplication tables of the concerned number to find the product of the numbers.
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