How to find fraction as a part of collection?
Let there be 14 rectangles forming a box or rectangle.
Thus, it can be said that there is a collection of 14 rectangles, 2 rectangles in each row.
If it is folded into two halves, each half will have 7 rectangles. So, we can say onehalf of 14 is 7.
Similarly, one half of 8 is 4 and onehalf of 16 is 8.
Onehalf of 8 squares = 4
Thus, 1/2 = 4/8
That is, out of two equal parts, one part is 1.
Out of two equal parts of 8 one part is 4
Onehalf of a collection of 8 cups = 4 cups Thus, 1/2 = 4/8 1 and 4 are numerators 2 and 8 are denominators 
The denominator or bottom number of a fraction is the number of equal parts of a whole or a collection. The numerator or top number of a fraction means how many equal parts of a whole or a collection is considered.
3/5, 7/8, 2/3, 5/12, 7/16, 11/25, 6/15 are all fractions.
The top numbers of these fractions are 3, 7, 2, 5, 7, 11 and 6. These numbers are called top numbers or numerators of the related fractions.
The bottom numbers of these fractions are 5, 8, 3, 12, 16, 25 and 15. These numbers are called bottom numbers or denominators of the related fractions.
Related Concepts
● Fraction as a Part of a Whole
● Convert a Fraction to an Equivalent Fraction
● Proper Fraction and Improper Fraction
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