We know multiplication and division are related to each other. Now we practice the worksheet on multiplication and division by 3 to see how they are related to each other.
To work on this worksheet we need to know the multiplication table of 3.
I. Fill in the blanks:
Multiplication fact
1 × 3 = ___ 2 × 3 = ___ 3 × 3 = ___ 4 × 3 = ___ 5 × 3 = ___ 6 × 3 = ___ 7 × 3 = ___ 8 × 3 = ___ 9 × 3 = ___ 10 × 3 = ___ 11 × 3 = ___ 12 × 3 = ___ 
Division fact
3 ÷ 3 = ___ 6 ÷ 3 = ___ 9 ÷ 3 = ___ 12 ÷ 3 = ___ 15 ÷ 3 = ___ 18 ÷ 3 = ___ 21 ÷ 3 = ___ 24 ÷ 3 = ___ 27 ÷ 3 = ___ 30 ÷ 3 = ___ 33 ÷ 3 = ___ 36 ÷ 3 = ___ 
Division by 3 
II. Write two division facts for each multiplication fact:
(i) 6 × 3 = 18
(ii) 2 × 3 = 6
(iii) 9 × 3 = 27
(iv) 12 × 3 = 36
(v) 8 × 3 = 24
III. Write two multiplication facts for each division fact:
(i) 15 ÷ 3 = 5
(ii) 3 ÷ 3 = 1
(iii) 21 ÷ 3 = 7
(iv) 30 ÷ 3 = 10
(v) 33 ÷ 3 = 11
Answers for the worksheet on multiplication and division by 3 are given below.
Answers:
I. 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 
1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 
II. (i) 18 ÷ 3 = 6 and 18 ÷ 6 = 3
(ii) 6 ÷ 2 = 3 and 6 ÷ 3 = 2
(iii) 27 ÷ 9 = 3 and 27 ÷ 3 = 9
(iv) 36 ÷ 3 = 12 and 36 ÷ 12 = 3
(v) 24 ÷ 3 = 8 and 24 ÷ 8 = 3
III. (i) 5 × 3 = 15 and 3 × 5 = 15
(ii) 1 × 3 = 3 and 3 × 1 = 3
(iii) 7 × 3 = 21 and 3 × 7 = 21
(iv) 10 × 3 = 30 and 3 × 10 = 30
(v) 11 × 3 = 33 and 3 × 11 = 33
2nd Grade Math Practice
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