Worksheet on Multiplication and Division by 3

We know multiplication and division are related to each other. Now we practice the worksheet on multiplication and division by 3 to see how they are related to each other.

To work on this worksheet we need to know the multiplication table of 3.

I. Fill in the blanks:

Multiplication fact

1 × 3 = ___


2 × 3 = ___


3 × 3 = ___


4 × 3 = ___


5 × 3 = ___


6 × 3 = ___


7 × 3 = ___


8 × 3 = ___


9 × 3 = ___


10 × 3 = ___


11 × 3 = ___


12 × 3 = ___

Division fact

3 ÷ 3 = ___


6 ÷ 3 = ___


9 ÷ 3 = ___


12 ÷ 3 = ___


15 ÷ 3 = ___


18 ÷ 3 = ___


21 ÷ 3 = ___


24 ÷ 3 = ___


27 ÷ 3 = ___


30 ÷ 3 = ___


33 ÷ 3 = ___


36 ÷ 3 = ___

Division by 3

Division by 3

II. Write two division facts for each multiplication fact:

(i) 6 × 3 = 18

(ii) 2 × 3 = 6

(iii) 9 × 3 = 27

(iv) 12 × 3 = 36

(v) 8 × 3 = 24


III. Write two multiplication facts for each division fact:

(i) 15 ÷ 3 = 5          

(ii) 3 ÷ 3 = 1

(iii) 21 ÷ 3 = 7

(iv) 30 ÷ 3 = 10

(v) 33 ÷ 3 = 11


Answers for the worksheet on multiplication and division by 3 are given below.


Answers:

I. 3

   6

   9

  12

  15

  18

  21

  24

  27

  30

  33

  36

 1

 2

 3

 4

 5

 6

 7

 8

 9

10                             

11

12

 1

 2

 3

 4

 5

 6

 7

 8

 9

10                             

11

12

II. (i) 18 ÷ 3 = 6 and 18 ÷ 6 = 3

(ii) 6 ÷ 2 = 3 and 6 ÷ 3 = 2

(iii) 27 ÷ 9 = 3 and 27 ÷ 3 = 9

(iv) 36 ÷ 3 = 12 and 36 ÷ 12 = 3

(v) 24 ÷ 3 = 8 and 24 ÷ 8 = 3


III. (i) 5 × 3 = 15 and 3 × 5 = 15

(ii) 1 × 3 = 3 and 3 × 1 = 3

(iii) 7 × 3 = 21 and 3 × 7 = 21

(iv) 10 × 3 = 30 and 3 × 10 = 30

(v) 11 × 3 = 33 and 3 × 11 = 33






2nd Grade Math Practice

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