The properties of factors are discussed step by step according to its property.
Property (1):
Every whole number is the product of 1 and itself so
(i) Each number is a factor of itself.
19 x 1 = 19,
So, 19 is the factor of 19.
(ii) 1 is the factor of every number.
31 x 1 = 31,
So, 1 is the factor of 31.
Property (2):
Every number is a factor of zero (0)
As, 7 x 0 = 0,
17 x 0 = 0,
93 x 0 = 0
So, 7, 17, 93, ……, etc., are the factors of 0.
Property (3):
1 is the smallest factor of a multiple and the greatest factor of a multiple is the multiple itself.
Property (4):
Every number other than 1 has at least two factors, namely the number itself and 1.
Therefore, the properties of factors are explained above so, that student can understand each property.
Related Concept
● Factors and Multiples by using Multiplication Facts
● Factors and Multiples by using Division Facts
● Factors
● Even and Odd Numbers Between 1 and 100
● Examples on Even and Odd Numbers
4th Grade Math Activities
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