Here we will learn how to solve different types of problems on arithmetic progression.
1. Show that the sequence 7, 11, 15, 19, 23, ......... is an Arithmetic Progression. Find its 27th term and the general term.
Solution:
First term of the given sequence = 7
Second term of the given sequence = 11
Third term of the given sequence = 15
Fourth term of the given sequence = 19
Fifth term of the given sequence = 23
Now, Second term  First term = 11  7 = 4
Third term  Second term = 15  11 = 4
Fourth term  Third term = 19  15 = 4
Fifth term – Fourth term = 23  19 = 4
Therefore, the given sequence is an Arithmetic Progress with the common difference 4.
We know that nth term of an Arithmetic Progress, whose first term is a and common difference is d is tn = a + (n  1) × d.
Therefore, 27th term of the Arithmetic Progress = t27 = 7 + (27  1) × 4 = 7 + 26 × 4 = 7 + 104 = 111.
General term = nth term = an = a + (n  1)d = 7 + (n  1) × 4 = 7 + 4n  4 = 4n + 3
2. The 5th term of an Arithmetic Progression is 16 and 13th term of an Arithmetic Progression is 28. Find the first term and common difference of the Arithmetic Progression.
Solution:
Let us assume that ‘a’ be the first term and ‘d’ be the common difference of the required Arithmetic Progression.
According to the problem,
5th term of an Arithmetic Progression is 16
i.e., 5th term = 16
⇒ a + (5  1)d = 16
⇒ a + 4d = 16 ................... (i)
and 13th term of an Arithmetic Progression is 28
i.e., 13th term = 28
⇒ a + (13  1)d = 28
⇒ a + 12d = 28 .................... (ii)
Now, subtract the equation (i) from (ii) we get,
8d = 12
⇒ d = \(\frac{12}{8}\)
⇒ d = \(\frac{3}{2}\)
Substitute the value of d = \(\frac{3}{2}\) in the equation (i) we get,
⇒ a + 4 × \(\frac{3}{2}\) = 16
⇒ a + 6 = 16
⇒ a = 16  6
⇒ a = 10
Therefore, the first term of the Arithmetic Progression is 10 and common difference of the Arithmetic Progression is \(\frac{3}{2}\).
`● Arithmetic Progression
11 and 12 Grade Math
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