Powers (exponents)

Concept of powers (exponents):

A power contains two parts exponent and base.

We know 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 24, where 2 is called the base and 4 is called the power or exponent or index of 2.

Reading Exponents

Reading Exponents

Examples on evaluating powers (exponents):

1. Evaluate each expression:

(i) 54.

Solution:

54
= 5 ∙ 5 ∙ 5 ∙ 5           Use 5 as a factor 4 times.
= 625                     Multiply.


(ii) (-3)3.

Solution:

(-3)3
= (-3) ∙ (-3) ∙ (-3)           Use -3 as a factor 3 times.
= -27                            Multiply.


(iii) -72.

Solution:

-72
= -(72)             The power is only for 7 not for negative 7
= -(7 ∙ 7)          Use 7 as a factor 2 times.
= -(49)             Multiply.
= -49


(iv) (2/5)3

Solution:

(2/5)3
= (2/5) ∙ (2/5) ∙ (2/5)           Use 2/5 as a factor 3 times.
= 8/125                              Multiply the fractions



Writing Powers (exponents)

2. Write each number as the power of a given base:

(a) 16; base 2

Solution:

16; base 2
Express 16 as an exponential form where base is 2
The product of four 2’s is 16.
Therefore, 16
= 2 ∙ 2 ∙ 2 ∙ 2
= 24
Therefore, required form = 24


(b) 81; base -3

Solution:

81; base -3
Express 81 as an exponential form where base is -3
The product of four (-3)’s is 81.
Therefore, 81
= (-3) ∙ (-3) ∙ (-3) ∙ (-3)
= (-3)4
Therefore, required form = (-3)4


(c) -343; base -7

Solution:

-343; base -7
Express -343 as an exponential form where base is -7
The product of three (-7)’s is -343.
Therefore, -343
= (-7) ∙ (-7) ∙ (-7)
= (-7)3
Therefore, required form = (-7)3

Algebra 1

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