We will discuss here about the multiplication of fractional number by a whole number.
\(\frac{1}{4}\) is multiplied by 4 or 4 ∙ \(\frac{1}{4}\) = 4 of \(\frac{1}{4}\)
So, this figure shows 4 of \(\frac{1}{4}\) or \(\frac{1}{4}\). (Since, 4 × \(\frac{1}{4}\) = \(\frac{1}{4}\) + \(\frac{1}{4}\) + \(\frac{1}{4}\) + \(\frac{1}{4}\)) Therefore, 4 × \(\frac{1}{4}\) = \(\frac{4}{1}\) × \(\frac{1}{4}\) = \(\frac{4 × 1}{1 × 4}\) = \(\frac{4}{4}\) = 1 
Hence we conclude that, to multiply a fraction by a whole number, the numerator of the fraction is multiplied by the whole number. This becomes the numerator of the product. The denominator does not change.
The following rules are given below for the multiplication of a fraction by a whole number:
(a) If the fraction is a mixed fraction, convert it to improper fraction.
(c) Always write the answer as a mixed fraction if it is not a proper fraction/whole number.
Solved examples on multiplication
of fractional number by a whole number:
1. \(\frac{3}{4}\) × 15
= \(\frac{3 ×15}{4}\)
= \(\frac{45}{4}\)
= 11\(\frac{1}{4}\)
2. 4\(\frac{1}{2}\) of 3
= \(\frac{4 × 2 + 1}{2}\) of 3
= \(\frac{9}{2}\) × 3
= \(\frac{9 × 3}{2}\)
= \(\frac{27}{2}\)
= 13\(\frac{1}{2}\)
Note: ‘Of‘ stands for multiplication.
3. \(\frac{9}{3}\) × 5
= \(\frac{9 × 5}{3}\)
= \(\frac{45}{3}\)
= 15
4. 14\(\frac{1}{2}\) of 7
= \(\frac{14 × 2 + 1}{2}\) of 7
= \(\frac{29}{2}\) × 7
= \(\frac{29 × 7}{2}\)
= \(\frac{203}{2}\)
= 101\(\frac{1}{2}\)
5. 6\(\frac{2}{7}\) of 4
= \(\frac{6 × 7 + 2}{7}\) of 4
= \(\frac{44}{7}\) × 4
= \(\frac{44 × 4}{7}\)
= \(\frac{176}{7}\)
= 25\(\frac{1}{7}\)
6. 18\(\frac{1}{4}\) × 12
= \(\frac{18 × 4 + 1}{4}\) × 12
= \(\frac{73}{4}\) × 12
= \(\frac{73 × 12}{4}\)
= \(\frac{876}{4}\)
= 219
● Multiplication is Repeated Addition.
● Multiplication of Fractional Number by a Whole Number.
● Multiplication of a Fraction by Fraction.
● Properties of Multiplication of Fractional Numbers.
● Worksheet on Multiplication on Fraction.
● Division of a Fraction by a Whole Number.
● Division of a Fractional Number.
● Division of a Whole Number by a Fraction.
● Properties of Fractional Division.
● Worksheet on Division of Fractions.
● Simplification of Fractions.
● Worksheet on Simplification of Fractions.
● Worksheet on Word Problems on Fractions.
5th Grade Numbers
5th Grade Math Problems
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