Multiplication of Decimal Numbers

In multiplication of decimal numbers we will learn how to find the product of a decimal and a whole number.

The rules of multiplying decimals are:

(i) Take the two numbers as whole numbers (remove the decimal) and multiply.

(ii) In the product, place the decimal point after leaving digits equal to the total number of decimal places in both numbers.

(iii) Counting decimal point must always be done from the units place of the product.


Let us follow some of the examples on multiplication of a decimal fraction by a whole number.

1. Find 43.5 × 4.

First we will perform the multiplication ignoring decimal point.

Multiplication of Decimal Numbers





Now place the decimal point in the product to get as many decimal places in the product as there are in the multiplicant. And, here the multiplicant contains one decimal place, so the product must contain one decimal place.

Thus, 43.5 × 4 = 174.0 = 174


2. Find 91.32 × 83.

First we will perform the multiplication ignoring decimal point.

Multiplication of Decimal Numbers







Here the multiplicant contains two decimal places, so the product must contain two decimal places.

Thus, 91.32 × 83 = 7579.56


3. Find the product of 49.6 × 14

First perform multiplication ignoring decimal point as we do in whole numbers.

Multiplying Decimals






Here the multiplicant contains one decimal place, so the product must contain one decimal place.

Thus, 49.6 × 14 = 694.4

Decimal.

Decimal Place Value Chart.

Expanded form of Decimal Fractions.

Like Decimal Fractions.

Unlike Decimal Fraction.

Equivalent Decimal Fractions.

Changing Unlike to Like Decimal Fractions.

Ordering Decimals

Comparison of Decimal Fractions.

Conversion of a Decimal Fraction into a Fractional Number.

Conversion of Fractions to Decimals Numbers.

Addition of Decimal Fractions.

Problems on Addition of Decimal Fractions

Subtraction of Decimal Fractions.

Problems on Subtraction of Decimal Fractions

Multiplication of a Decimal Numbers.

Multiplication of a Decimal by a Decimal.

Properties of Multiplication of Decimal Numbers.

Problems on Multiplication of Decimal Fractions

Division of a Decimal by a Whole Number.

Division of Decimal Fractions

Division of Decimal Fractions by Multiples.

Division of a Decimal by a Decimal.

Division of a whole number by a Decimal.

Properties of Division of Decimal Numbers

Problems on Division of Decimal Fractions

Conversion of fraction to Decimal Fraction.

Simplification in Decimals.

Word Problems on Decimal.




5th Grade Numbers Page

5th Grade Math Problems

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