Metric Measures

We will discuss here about the metric measures of length, mass and capacity.

As we know, the standard units of length, weight and capacity are metre (m), gram (g) and litre (l) respectively. Kilometre (km) kilogram (kg) and kilolitre (kl) are the bigger units of length, weight and capacity respectively. The three-basic unit systems of measurement of length, mass and capacity is known as metric system.

This is decimal system based on the multiples of 10.


                                          Measures of Length

10 millimetres (mm) 

10 centimetres

10 decimetres

10 metres

10 decametres

10 hectometres 

=

=

=

=

=

=

1 centimetre (cm)

1 decimetre (dm)

1 metre (m)

1 decametre (dam)

1 hectometre (hm)

1 kilometre (km)


                                          Measures of Weight

10 milligrams (mg)

10 centigrams

10 decigrams

10 grams

10 decagrams

10 hectograms

=

=

=

=

=

=

1 centigram (cg)

1 decigram (dg)

1 gram (g)

1 decagram (dag)

1 hectogram (hg)

1 kilogram (kg)


                                          Measures of Capacity

10 millilitres (ml)

10 centilitres

10 decilitres

10 litres

10 decalitres

10 hectolitres

=

=

=

=

=

=

1 centilitre (cl)

1 decilitre (dl)

1 litre (l)

1 decalitre (dal)

1 hectolitre (hl)

1 kilolitre (kl)

Thousand

1000

Hundred

100

Ten

10

One

1

Tenth

1/10

Hundredth

1/100

Thousandth

1/1000

Metric

Unit

Kilo

(x1000)

Hecto

(x100)

Deca

(x10)

Basic

Unit

Deci

(÷ 10)

Centi

(÷ 100)

Milli

(÷ 100)

Mass

Kilo-

gram

Hecto-

gram

Deca-

gram

Gram

Deci-

gram

Centi-

gram

Milli-

gram

Length

Kilo-

metre

Hecto-

metre

Deca-

metre

Metre

Deci-

metre

Centi-

metre

Milli-

metre

Capacity

Kilo-

litre

Hecto-

litre

Deca-

litre

Litre

Deci-

litre

Centi-

litre

Milli-

litre

We can understand the metric system more clearly through the following table of metric measures.

From the above table of metric system we come to know that:

Deca means 10 times

Hecto means 100 times

Kilo means 1000 times

These are the bigger units of metric system


Deci means 1/10 times

Centi means 1/100 times

Millimeans 1/1000 times

These are the smaller units of metric system





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