Equivalent Fractions


What are called equivalent fractions?

A given fraction and various fractions obtained by multiplying (or dividing) its numerator and denominator both by the same non-zero number, are called equivalent fractions.

In other-words:

If two or more fraction have the same value, then they are called the equivalent or equal fractions

The value of the fraction does not change if both the numerator and the denominator are multiplied by the same natural number.



(i) (3 × 2)/(4 × 2) = 6/8, (3 × 3)/(4 × 3) = 9/12, (3 × 4)/(4 × 4) = 12/16 etc. are equivalent fractions equivalent to the fraction 3/4.





(ii) 1/3 = (1 × 3)/(3 × 3) = 3/9;

1/3 = (1 × 6)/(3 × 6) = 6/18;

1/3 = (1 × 9)/(3 × 9) = 9/27 and so on.

So, 1/3, 3/9, 6/18, 9/27, etc., are equivalent fractions.


(iii) 45/27 = (45 ÷ 3)/(27 ÷ 3) = 15/9;

45/27 = (45 ÷ 9)/(27 ÷ 9) = 5/3

So, 45/27, 15/9, 5/3, etc., are equivalent fractions.


We have,

8/28 = (8 ÷ 4)/(28 ÷ 4) = 2/7 , 10/35 = ( 10 ÷ 5)/(35 ÷ 5) = 2/7

8/28 and 10/35 are equivalent fractions equivalent to the fraction 2/7

If a/b and c/d are two equivalent fractions, then

a × d = b × c

Equivalent Fractions







i.e., a/b = c/d ⇔ a × d = b × c




 Fractions

Fractions

Types of Fractions

Equivalent Fractions

Like and Unlike Fractions

Conversion of Fractions

Fraction in Lowest Terms

Addition and Subtraction of Fractions

Multiplication of Fractions

Division of Fractions


 Fractions - Worksheets

Worksheet on Fractions

Worksheet on Multiplication of Fractions

Worksheet on Division of Fractions














7th Grade Math Problems

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