Area of Parallelogram
Here we will discuss about how to find the area of a parallelogram. To calculate area of parallelogram we need to remember the formula and solve stepbystep.
ABCD is a parallelogram with base (b) and altitude (h).
Area of parallelogram = 2 × Area of ∆ABC
= 2 × 1/2 × base × height sq. units = 2 × 1/2 × AB × CE sq. units = b × h sq. units = base × height sq. units Perimeter of parallelogram = 2(AB + BC)
= 2 × (Sum of adjacent sides)
Workedout examples on area of parallelograms:
1. The base of the parallelogram is thrice its height. If the area is 192 cm^{2}, find the base and height.
Solution:
Let the height of the parallelogram = x cm then the base of the parallelogram = 3x cm Area of the parallelogram = 192 cm^{2}
Area of parallelogram = base × height 192 = 3x × x ⇒ 3x^{2} = 192 ⇒ x^{2} = 64 ⇒ x = 8 Therefore, 3x = 3 × 8 = 24 Therefore, Base of the parallelogram is 24 cm and height is 8 cm.
2. A parallelogram has sides 12 cm and 9 cm. If the distance between its shorter sides is 8 cm, find the distance between its longer side.
Solution:
Adjacent sides of parallelogram = 2 cm and 9 cm Distance between shorter sides = 8 cm Area of parallelogram = b × h = 9 × 8 cm^{2} = 72 cm^{2}
Again, area of parallelogram = b × h ⇒ 72 = 12 × h ⇒ h = 72/12 ⇒ h = 6 cm Therefore, the distance between its longer side = 6 cm.
3. ABCD is a parallelogram in which AB = 20 cm, BC = 13 cm, AC = 21 cm. Find the area of parallelogram ABCD.
Solution:
Area of parallelogram ABCD = 2 area of ∆ABC In ∆ ABC, AB = 20 cm BC = 13 cm AC = 21 cm So, s = (20 + 15 + 21)/2 = 54/2 = 27
Therefore, area of ∆ABC = √(27 (27  20) (27  13) (27  21)) = √(27 × 7 × 14 × 6) = √(3 × 3 × 3 × 7 × 2 × 7 × 2 × 3) = 2 × 3 × 3 × 7 = 126 cm^{2}
Area of parallelogram ABCD = 2 area of ∆ABC = 2 × 126 cm^{2} = 252 cm^{2}
The detailed explanations on the formula of perimeter and area of parallelogram are explained above with the stepbystep solution.
● Mensuration
Area and Perimeter Perimeter and Area of Rectangle Perimeter and Area of Square Area of the Path Area and Perimeter of the Triangle Area and Perimeter of the Parallelogram Area and Perimeter of Rhombus Area of Trapezium Circumference and Area of Circle Units of Area Conversion Practice Test on Area and Perimeter of Rectangle Practice Test on Area and Perimeter of Square
● Mensuration  WorksheetsWorksheet on Area and Perimeter of Rectangles Worksheet on Area and Perimeter of Squares Worksheet on Area of the Path Worksheet on Circumference and Area of Circle Worksheet on Area and Perimeter of Triangle
7th Grade Math Problems
8th Grade Math Practice
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