The terms can be constant, variable or product or quotient of numbers and variables.

**For example:**

(i) 5 is a term , which is a constant

(ii) x is a term, which is a variable

(iii) 7x is a term, which is a product of a constant and a variable.

(iv) xy is a term, which is a product of two variables.

(v) 5ab is a term, which is a product of a constant and two variables.

(vi) 4/y is a term, which is a quotient of a constant and a variable.

(vii) x/y is a term, which is a quotient of two variables.

(viii) a/5 is a term, which is a quotient of a variable and a constant.

Factors of the terms:

When the numbers and literals are multiplied, we get the product then,

• Each quantity multiplied is called the factor of the product.

• Constant denotes the numerical factor.

• Variable denotes the literal factor.

**For examples:**

Write all the factors of 7mn.

7, m, n, 7m, 7n, mn, 7mn are the factors of 7mn.

Here, 7 is the numerical factor and m, n, mn are the literal factors.

**● ****Terms**

Adding and Subtracting Like Terms

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